History vs. Genghis Khan – Alex Gendler

He was one of the most fearsome
warlords who ever lived, waging an unstoppable conquest
across the Eurasian continent. But was Genghis Khan a vicious barbarian or a unifier who paved the way
for the modern world? We’ll see in “History vs. Genghis Khan.” “Order, order.
Now who’s the defendant today? Khan!” “I see Your Honor is familiar
with Genghis Khan, the 13th century warlord whose military
campaigns killed millions and left nothing
but destruction in their wake.” “Objection. First of all,
it’s pronounced Genghis Kahn.” “Really?” “In Mongolia, yes. Regardless, he was one of the greatest
leaders in human history. Born Temüjin, he was left fatherless
and destitute as a child but went on to overcome constant strife
to unite warring Mongol clans and forge the greatest empire
the world had seen, eventually stretching from the Pacific
to Europe’s heartland.” “And what was so great
about invasion and slaughter? Northern China lost 2/3 of its population.” “The Jin Dynasty had long harassed
the northern tribes, paying them off to fight each other
and periodically attacking them. Genghis Khan wasn’t about
to suffer the same fate as the last Khan who tried
to unite the Mongols, and the demographic change may reflect
poor census keeping, not to mention that many peasants
were brought into the Khan’s army.” “You can pick apart numbers all you want, but they wiped out entire cities,
along with their inhabitants.” “The Khan preferred enemies
to surrender and pay tribute, but he firmly believed in loyalty
and diplomatic law. The cities that were massacred were ones
that rebelled after surrendering, or killed as ambassadors. His was a
strict understanding of justice.” “Multiple accounts show his army’s
brutality going beyond justice: ripping unborn children
from mothers’ wombs, using prisoners as human shields, or moat fillers to support siege engines, taking all women from conquered towns–” “Enough! How barbaric!” “Is that really so much worse
than other medieval armies?” “That doesn’t excuse
Genghis Khan’s atrocities.” “But it does make Genghis Khan
unexceptional for his time rather than some bloodthirsty savage. In fact, after his unification
of the tribes abolished bride kidnapping, women in the Mongol ranks
had it better than most. They controlled domestic affairs, could divorce their husbands, and were trusted advisors. Temüjin remained with
his first bride all his life, even raising her possibly
illegitimate son as his own.” “Regardless, Genghis Khan’s
legacy was a disaster: up to 40 million killed across Eurasia
during his descendents’ conquests. 10% of the world population. That’s not even counting
casualties from the Black Plague brought to Europe by
the Golden Horde’s Siege of Kaffa.” “Surely that wasn’t intentional.” “Actually, when they saw their own troops
dying of the Plague, they catapulted infected bodies
over the city walls.” “Blech.” “The accounts you’re referencing were written over a hundred years
after the fact. How reliable do you think they are? Plus, the survivors reaped the benefits
of the empire Genghis Khan founded.” “Benefits?” “The Mongol Empire practiced
religious tolerance among all subjects, they treated their soldiers well, promoted
based on merit, rather than birth, established a vast postal system, and inforced universal rule of law, not to mention their
contribution to culture.” “You mean like Hulagu Khan’s
annihilation of Baghdad, the era’s cultural capital? Libraries, hospitals and palaces burned,
irrigation canals buried?” “Baghdad was unfortunate, but its Kalif refused to surrender, and Hulagu was later punished
by Berke Khan for the wanton destruction. It wasn’t Mongol policy
to destroy culture. Usually they saved doctors, scholars
and artisans from conquered places, and transferred them
throughout their realm, spreading knowledge across the world.” “What about the devastation of Kievan Rus, leaving its people in the Dark Ages even as the Renaissance
spread across Western Europe?” “Western Europe was hardly
peaceful at the time. The stability of Mongol rule
made the Silk Road flourish once more, allowing trade and cultural exchange
between East and West, and its legacy forged Russia and China
from warring princedoms into unified states. In fact, long after the Empire, Genghis Khan’s descendants could be found among the ruling nobility
all over Eurasia.” “Not surprising that a tyrant would inspire
further tyrants.” “Careful what you call him.
You may be related.” “What?” “16 million men today are descended
from Genghis Khan. That’s one in ever 200.” For every great conqueror,
there are millions of conquered. Whose stories will survive? And can a leader’s historical
or cultural signifigance outweigh the deaths
they caused along the way? These are the questions that arise
when we put history on trial.

100 Replies to “History vs. Genghis Khan – Alex Gendler”

  1. Full of lying…keh3…read muslim history then you know what really happen…they slaughter 400-800k muslim in baghdad…but they lost to muslim from arab saudi…they run and be case…

  2. Why did the judge speak at 2:35😉😉
    Why they say that every 1 in 200 is a descendant of Genghis khan🤔🤔
    As there are 16 million descendant and world's population is 8 billion it will be 1 in 500

  3. Given 16,000,000 decendants, If its 1 in every 200 people then that would mean there are 3.2 billion people in the world. What am i missing surely ted-ed wouldnt make such a simple error. Unless hes talking about men only

  4. At that era Genghis Khan might be the strongest ruler on the earth. Due to his vast army of cavalry and large number of followers.

  5. Genghis Khan was also the First and only person to affect the carbon dioxide percentage in the air by a huge chunk because farms that was destroyed was replaced by Forrest

  6. pronunciation at 0:50 thank you. As a mongolian it sounds just right and fluidy slipping into my ear. "Genghis khan" sounds like someone's putting cactus into my ear

  7. Наа чинь шал худлаа би монгол хүн байна тэгээд ч чингис хаан гээч

  8. Producer of Marvel avengers movies “The Russo” brothers said once in a interview that Thanos is like Genghis khan of the universe

  9. Justification of chengiz Khan's brutality is others did it too. Great argument.
    One wife one son, eventually has 16 million children's.

  10. Ghengis Khan

    The ruler who brought upon death and destruction, but he brought change through the world

    Wether we like it or not

  11. 2:29 you sound like the people who yelled Vietnam vets when they came home seriously we need to stop being rude to the people who fout for our country

  12. if i brutally killed every single american and created a trade route between Canada and mexico i would be seen as a monster (exept by socialist weebs named muhammed in Youtube comment sections about the CIA) why should it be diffirent with gengis

  13. Hi, I want to send me these photos and information because when you make a presentation about Genghis Khan, please help me? I don't have enough information for three minutes.

  14. The whole "16 million men are related to Ghengis Khan, that's one in 200 people on earth" sounds like some loosely conjured science, at best. I'd like to see the research on that. It just sounds way to vague to be presented as a cold hard fact.

  15. Western Europe is never subject to the same criticism. I'm not saying Khan was a great guy but I think when compared to his contemporaries he was just alright 🤷🏻‍♀️
    I enjoy and appreciate the alternate sides of history getting told.

  16. He wasn't a barbaric tyrant and he definitely ain't no saint .. he did the norm in that time which was to conquer and pillage unfortunately he did it with no massage or reason other than glory and legacy

  17. nice video, but both the lawyers voice is done by one person i guess, quite difficult to understand who is telling what.

  18. While he did do great things for his nation and even protected the Silk Road. And he was intelligent and effective. But this is the man who made biological warfare.

  19. If Alexander, Akbar and Ramses can be called greats it's not much of change to call Genghis Khan a great leader in many aspect he was better then them. And It's more probable when we call The Great Brittain a great nation.

  20. I see a lot of inspiration for the Dothraki taken from genghis khan and his army, down to the pronunciation of his surname

  21. no cell phone no wifi no guns no cars no airplanes. this guys conquered 12000 km wide land and handled to manage milions of troops by his leadership. it can't be done without really high iq.

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